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Water damage can originate from a variety of different sources, flood being the most damaging but least common. More common causes of water damage in Texas are: broken dishwasher hose, washing machine overflow, broken pipes, leakage from roof, flooding, and hurricanes.

If your household has been a victim of flood or water damage, it should be taken care of immediately. The longer you wait to have your household undergo complete water cleanup, the more difficult it is to repair the damage. Water removal and water damage restoration should be left for professionals. Since water tends to get contaminated, any of the following procedures should be done using protective suits and masks, after electricity has been turned off to avoid the danger of electrocution.

What are the Main Steps of the Water Remediation Process?

Step 1 — Inspection of the water: Part of the primary assessment includes evaluation of the water quality and categorizing it based on the level of contamination (level 1, level 2 or level 3).

Step 2 — Water removal: The actual process of excess water removal is quite critical and may be lengthy in cases of flood. However, all water must be removed before moving on to the next steps of the remediation process.

Step 3 — Inspection of damage: After excess water has been removed, an inspection and evaluation of the actual damage is important. Once the damage has been assessed, the professional remediation technicians should devise a plan. This detailed plan of the drying process and restoration should include everything in the household that was damaged by the water such as: books, electronics, furniture, documents.

Step 4 — Water cleanup: This process includes cleaning and disinfecting all wet and damp areas as well as getting rid of possible contaminates and microbial growth.

Step 5 — Drying process: Dehumidifying and decontaminating usually involves using powerful drying equipment. This process can take up to several days, until all property is dry enough to prevent the growth of mold and bacteria.

Step 6 — Restoration process: After all property is dry, the restoration procedure can begin. This means that each and every property around the house can now be restored to its previous condition. The process for each type of property and equipment varies for walls, floor tiles, books, media, and furniture.

How To Clean Circuit Board

If you have experienced flooding you will be well advised to contract the services of a professional flood cleanup contractor to carry out your water damage cleanup or your basement flood cleanup. When it comes to water damage, you might already know that it can do a significant amount of damage in a very short amount of time. Seeking professional help as soon as you can will often mean the difference between thousands of Dollars in additional expenses that a flood cleanup contractor can help you avoid. Water damage cleanup is more of a science than just simply pumping water out and allowing everything to dry. There are so many things to worry about in the form of moisture damage, mold damage, dangers of electrocution, dangers related to natural gas leaks etc that it is better for a homeowner to hire a professional basement flood cleanup company to carry out the work. Before you do, make sure that you take some of the following steps yourself to minimize or contain the damage.

  • If you have not identified the source of water, it could be from a burst pipe that cannot be spotted easily. Your best bet in this case would be to shut off the water supply to stop the leak.
  • Assess the damage to see if it is something that you can manage on your own. Generally, if there was enough water to stagnate, it would be better to call a professional company as the basement flood cleanup will require heavy equipment such as dehumidifiers, blowers and water extraction units that you will not have.
  • Open up the windows, door and try to get some air circulation going to minimize damage from moisture. Moisture can easily be absorbed by various construction materials such as drywall, ceilings and even by furniture
  • Turn off the electricity in the house or cut off power supply to the affected area as there is a serious risk of electrocution during a water damage cleanup if the electricity is left on.
  • If you are carrying out a basement flood cleanup, you will first have to turn off the natural gas supply as dangerous gases can leak from pipes that might have broken from the increased water pressure.

A professional flood cleanup contractor will first inspect your house to give you a broad picture about the extent of damage. They will be able to tell you about what can be salvaged or restored and what will have to be discarded and replaced. A professional flood cleanup company will possess several commercial grade blowers, humidifiers and water extraction units that will be very expensive to buy or rent on your own. A cleanup company will ideally have several of these machines and they might use several drying units at once depending on the extent of damage in your house. When you hire a professional flood cleanup company, you can be assured that the work is being carried out by people who know exactly what they are doing, which might not be the case when you attempt to do the water damage cleanup on your own.

Why does Mold Growth occur after a flood or water damage?

Mold affects indoor air quality, and, unfortunately, can grow very quickly. In fact, mold can begin to grow in a home with humidity over 60% in under 48 hours. Mold can even grow and thrive in cold spaces, such as a refrigerator, as long as the temperature is above 40-degrees Fahrenheit. “Hidden” rot can also secretly grow in fiberglass insulation, and behind wallpaper and drywall. Even though you may not be able to visibly see the rot, it doesn’t mean that it’s not there and causing damage to your home and your health.

Serious Effects of Mold Growth

The presence of mold in a home has many negative effects. People can be exposed to rot through direct skin contact, breathing, or ingestion. Mold exposure can cause a number of health-related issues, including breathing difficulties, asthma and topical skin rash. Black mold is rare but highly-toxic and contains carcinogenic mycotoxins that are linked to certain types of cancer, liver and nervous system damage, and more.

Mold can also cause structural damage and destroy the value of your home– no one wants to buy or move into a home with a serious mold problem!

Mold growth can also seriously impact your wallet for two reasons: 1) if left in-tact, mold will continue to grow and become increasingly expensive to remove; and 2) due to a rising number of rot-related lawsuits, many home insurance companies now exclude mold insurance from homeowner policies.


Water damage can be extremely devastating and proper cleaning and recovery needs to follow a three step process.

The first step is to clean the item from the mud or debris that lay on the surface.

The second step is to repair any damage that may have been done.

The third step is to disinfect the item.

There are items that are more or less susceptible to water damage and this article will give tips on recovering the most commonly damaged items. Paper items are the most easily water damaged items in your home and can be damaged without direct contact to water. Repairing paper items requires drying, which can be accomplished through air drying or by using a dehumidifier, however the process can be more complicated then jus simply drying. Water damagned books for example are a paper item in which the process can be more complicated and you will need to prioritize. Books that are leather bound, have parchment or vellum bindings should be a priority as they will disintegrate faster. To dry books that have been damaged by clean water, simply remove them from the water and let them dry without opening them or closing them while they are in water. For books damaged by dirty water, remove them from the water and rinse the pages in clean running water. After the books are clean, open them to air dry and make sure you turn them upside down every few hours.

You can also place white absorbent paper about every 10-15 pages to speed the drying process. When the books are no longer wet place them lightly against a solid surface to ensure prevention of swelling. When trying to repair water damage to blankets, sheets, comforters or towels, the first step is to ensure that they can be bleached, if they cannot you will be unable to disinfect them properly and they should be discarded. Blankets and comforters should be soaked in warm water and bleach for 15-20 minutes each. Any items that have dirt or debris attached may need to be soaked twice prior to being washed, twice. Sheets and towels should be soaked in cold water and bleach for 10-15 minutes and then rinsed in cold water. Then wash the sheets and towels in hot water and detergent with a cup of bleach added for proper disinfectant. Mattresses should be left to a professional or discarded, you will be unable to properly clean them at home.

Water damage to wood furniture should be cleaned with soap and water first, if that is not sufficient you may need to use a solution of turpentine and water. To bring back the most color you may need to rub the wood with steel dipped in lemon or olive oil. Once this step is complete then polish the furniture with a soft cloth. There are several items that if water damage occurs are best left to a professional conservator, including pictures, paintings and electronic media. All of these items can be attempted in home restoration if you chose, however the best results would be with a professional who is trained to properly handle these delicate items. Attempting a home restoration may damage these items past the point that a professional can recover.

Water Damage Clean Up Companies

How to Handle Water Damage in 5 'Easy' Steps

You arrive at home and walk into the kitchen or living room and, OH NO! It looks like it is raining from your ceiling! What should you do? First thing, remain calm. Do not turn on any lights or appliances in the area, to avoid electrical shorting or possible electrocution. Stay away from underneath the water damaged ceiling area (as best as possible) as sometimes a water damaged ceiling will collapse and could cause serious injury.

If the water damaged ceiling is on the first floor, check the second floor to possibly see where the water is coming from and perhaps shutoff the water flow. Some possible and common sources of water: Toilet overflow. Overflowing sink, or tub, that was left on and that is clogged or slow draining. Washing machine overflow. Roof leak (immediately call a 24 HR. emergency service roofer). For many of these issues you will be able to shutoff the flow of water by immediately correcting the problem. If the cause is a broken or cracked supply line (under a toilet or sink) try to shut off the corresponding valve at the source, thereby stopping the flow of water. If none of these solutions work, shut off the water main valve to your house. If this is not possible, call an emergency service plumbing company for help. Remember it is always a good thing to have an established relationship with a plumbing company, especially one who offers 24 hour emergency service.

After you have shut off the water source, you may want to carefully place bowls or buckets where the water was leaking through the ceiling, this will help to prevent water damage to flooring or cabinets below the water damaged ceiling. Remember though, safety first! Do not go beneath a ceiling that looks saturated or cracked. Often, water will drain through ceiling registers or can lights. In this situation this is a normal occurrence as water looks for the path of least resistance to travel downward and often these pre-cut light and heating / air conditioning holes in the ceiling are the easiest way for water to travel downward.

After these initial steps, because of the complexity of this type of water damage situation, it is recommended that you contact a certified water damage restoration specialist to evaluate the ceiling damage. A professional will be able to correctly determine the extent and size of the water damaged ceiling and what areas can be dried or what areas of finish materials will have to be removed and replaced. An important note, even though some of the ceiling may need to be removed, the exposed wood framing beams will still need to be dried prior to re-installing dry wall (sheetrock) over them. Drying of this type is usually accomplished effectively throught the use of dehumidifiers and turbo air movers (high velocity fans). This is a very important step in the water damaged ceiling drying process and should never be ignored.

Does Renters Insurance Cover Water Damage

Categories and Classes of Water Damage Mitigation

For countless numbers of people water damage to their home can be a very trying experience. Meaning that there is a feeling of being violated because all of your personal property and sentimental items have been destroyed. While this is discouraging the fact of the matter is that literally thousands of people go through this kind of situation every year. The important thing to remember is when something happens to you must be able to move on in order to move forward. Part of the process means being able to repair any water damage that occurs. Below are several useful tips to help you effectively clean up water damage.

Turn off the power: This is one of the first steps that you should always do before you doing any kind of repair. Water is a conductor of electricity, meaning that if you are working with water or standing in water you will be shocked by the electric current. To avoid being electrocuted means that you must always ensure that the power is turned off.

Determine what type of water you are dealing with: There are two types of water; clean water is from sump pumps or dishwasher and dirty water that comes from places like a broken ejector pump or sewage lines. This will help you know what kind of water you dealing with, allowing you to effectively begin the water removal process.

Remove the water: Next you want to remove the water using a wet / dry vacuum or a submersible pump. Please note that before you begin this process make sure that you have all the proper safety equipment such as disinfectants, deodorizers and body protection.

Create air pockets: After you have completed the water removal you want to then create air pockets in the base boards and walls. This will help dry out these areas so that any mold or mildew which is growing will not be able to survive.

Use dehumidifiers and fans: The next thing that you want to do is have a continuous air flow in your house. This is done using dehumidifiers and fans that can bring in fresh dry air to help dry out those areas that are suffering from water damage.

Clearly repairing water damage can be a very challenging task. However by using the above tips you can be able to begin repairing those areas of your home that were damaged by water. This will help you to be able to move forward with your life after dealing with the emotional effects of water damage.